Do not sunbathe on the grass or drink soda: what you need to know about relaxing by the water
The swimming season continues, but it may not always be safe for health. In addition to the usual sunburn, going outdoors can end up with dermatitis, infectious and inflammatory diseases. What medical advice you need to remember when relaxing near the water? Tells TUT.BY.
Swim only in clear waters
Swimming in stagnant water with dense vegetation or in “flowering” water bodies can result in several problems at once. Due to dirty water, schistosomid dermatitis (bather's itching) can appear on the skin, which develops when the skin is affected by cercariae, the flatworm larvae parasitizing on waterfowl. Most often, it is manifested by inflammatory rashes and severe itching, however, it can cause fever, headache, and dry cough.
Also, dirty water can cause inflammation of the ear and ear canal (otitis media). This condition is accompanied by swelling around the auricle, pain when opening the mouth, congestion, and even yellow, clear, or purulent discharge from the ear.
The water temperature should not be lower than + 17 ... 19 ° С (it is dangerous to be in the colder one).
Use sunscreen and do not sunbathe for a long time
Remember that constant trauma to the skin increases the risk of developing malignant neoplasms, photodermatosis. In order not to bring yourself to burns in the summer, it is imperative to use creams with SPF protection: the packaging must contain protective factors against the rays of the spectrum A and B. It is better to choose a cream with SPF-30 or SPF-50 in hot weather, especially for people with a tendency sunburn. Do not forget to apply the cream on the lips: they also suffer from excess radiation. And update it as needed.
Do not apply perfumes and other cosmetics containing musk, amber, citrus, sea buckthorn, sandalwood, and rose essential oils to open skin before going to the pond.
Without harm to health, you can be in the sun until 11 am and after 17 pm, sunbathe in the amount of no more than 1,5-2 hours a day. For those who have a large number of moles on their bodies, the time spent in the sun should be reduced. And remember: sunbathing is contraindicated for infants.
Do not sunbathe on the grass
When sunbathing, do not lie on the grass; use a towel or mat. This will help protect against a variety of infections and burns that can be associated with sun exposure of bare skin to certain plants containing photosensitizing substances.
Dry with a towel after bathing.
After going ashore, it is recommended to take a shower or rub your skin with a hard towel - this will help prevent the spread of bacteria that are in the reservoirs and protect yourself from inflammatory diseases, such as cystitis, which often occur in the summer when you froze in the water in windy weather or were in polluted body of water. If you feel that you are very cold, it’s better not to wait until the bathing suit dries, and change into dry clean linen.
Do not drink soda in the sun, and especially refuse alcohol
Any carbonated drinks in the heat should be treated with caution: after taking them, severe irritation of the mucous membrane of the throat may appear due to bubbles of carbon dioxide. Ideally, thirst should be quenched with ordinary drinking water at room temperature (it can be slightly colder, but not ice cold). Drinking too cold drinks is also not worth it: a sharp temperature drop can lead to sore throat. If you do not feel like drinking, but it is very hot, then it is better to wipe open areas of the body with cold water - hands, face, forehead. This will help cool down.
On the subject: Guide to a safe picnic: what products to avoid and what to do if it became bad
Of course, alcohol is the most dangerous in the heat. Even low-alcohol drinks trigger certain biochemical processes that lead to dehydration, and this is blood clotting, an increased risk of blood clots, and a violation of blood pressure and heart rhythm. Beach holidays are even more dangerous: alcohol intoxication is the cause of 65% of deaths in water. Rescuers say that in a state of alcoholic intoxication, a person often wants to perform a "feat": to swim across the river when there is not enough strength, to dive from a bridge or a railing. It is more difficult for a drunk person to make quick decisions, therefore, for example, getting into the current, he begins to swim against him - and loses strength.