Needless to say, medications have side effects. Each of us, at least once in his life, has encountered them in his own experience. It may have been an allergic reaction or bowel problems. These adverse reactions in our time are probably already taken for granted.
But few people know that some medications can cause an increase in body weight, causing obesity. And even more interesting is that among them there are very popular drugs used in the treatment of such common diseases as hypertension, diseases of the joints, lung diseases and other diseases.
With particular scrupulousness you need to treat the choice of drugs in the treatment of hypertension with concomitant obesity.
As it turned out, some popular drugs for the treatment of hypertension contribute to the development of a state in which the cells of the body become resistant to the effects of insulin, and as a result - obesity. Obesity, in turn, further exacerbates the symptoms of hypertension - the vicious circle is closed.
Traditional and popular among many diuretic drugs that we often use for various types of edema, such as: furosemide (lasix) and hypothiazide (included in many combination drugs), with prolonged use also lead to the development of a state of insulin resistance in the body, which eventually causes the development of diabetes type 2. Today there is a huge amount of alternative medicines. But you only have to prescribe them to a doctor who can assess the feasibility of prescribing this drug for you and take into account the interaction of your medications.
The next group of drugs that need to be treated with caution by overweight people are glucocorticosteroid anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs (metipred, prednisolone, polcortolone and others) are used in the treatment of bronchial asthma, rheumatic diseases of the joints, systemic diseases of the connective tissue. In the body, such substances, related to hormones, are synthesized by the adrenal glands and are necessary for normal life. But when glucocorticosteroids are received from the outside, along with their beneficial properties (anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, decongestant), their side effects increase.
The most significant of these is Cushing's syndrome, which manifests itself primarily in increasing obesity, hypertension and the development of insulin immunity of body tissues.
There are situations when the use of glucocorticosteroid drugs is necessary for vital signs. But this does not mean that you can not use the more modern versions of these drugs to minimize side effects.
For example, in case of bronchial asthma, modern medicine offers hormonal preparations in the form of inhalers. With this route of administration, the drug goes directly to the bronchi - bypassing the blood flow, that is, the possibility of side effects is significantly reduced.
It is impossible not to dwell on preparations that are toxic to the liver, in particular antibacterial agents. Why is it so important to us? The liver is an organ that produces bile, namely bile provides the breakdown and full digestion of fat.
The toxic effect of drugs on the liver violates the metabolism of fats, as a result, fat from food is not converted into energy, but is deposited in the body.
Another side effect of antibiotics is a violation of the natural microflora in the intestines. If the spectrum of microflora in the small intestine is disturbed, the growth of pathogenic bacteria increases, along with this, the activity of bacterial antigens entering the bloodstream to the liver increases. Antigens activate complex mechanisms of action on the liver cell, which contribute to the blocking of insulin receptors. Insulin immunity occurs - one of the leading factors in the development of obesity.
It is also noted that often overweight appears after surgery. On the one hand, this is due to the restriction of physical activity after surgical treatment, on the other - with the toxic effects of drugs for anesthesia on the liver and pancreas, with subsequent violation of their functions.
Also at risk include oral contraceptives. In fairness, it must be said that an increase in body weight may occur when taking oral contraceptives of older generations, or in women who have a predisposition to obesity.
Thus, if you are trying to reduce your weight, you should avoid prescribing such medicines:
- drugs for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases:
- diuretics (furosemide, hypothiazide), beta-blockers (atenolol), rauwolfia preparations (raunatin, adelfan);
- glucocorticosteroid hormones (prednisolone, polcortolone);
- oral contraceptives;
- antibiotics (gentamicin, doxycycline, rifampicin);
- drugs for anesthesia.
The question arises, what to do if the disease is already there, and it should be treated? Manifestations of almost any disease can be reduced by choosing the right nutrition. A competent nutritionist will always ask you what diseases you suffer from. As you can see from the above, we are held hostage to certain drugs, but this does not mean that the vicious circle cannot be broken. This only means that the treatment of any disease should be approached comprehensively. Especially, if you already have problems with excess weight.
At firstBefore you begin to use a particular drug, read the information about its side effects. Ask your doctor if there is an alternative that either doesn’t have these side effects or will minimize them.
Secondlyconsult a nutritionist. It will adjust your diet depending on the disease and help you lose weight, if such a problem already exists.
ThirdlyYou should understand that lung diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which are in a state of remission, are much more correct to treat with the help of nutritional correction than with medication.
To all this, one can add that a decrease in body weight automatically leads to a significant improvement or complete disappearance of such diseases as: shortness of breath, high or low blood pressure, gastritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, migraines, excessive sweating, arthritis and arthrosis, restoration of reproductive functions for both men and women, and much more.
It is also useful to remember the basic rules that should be followed in order to remove the acute period as quickly as possible. Enter into your diet neutral foods that increase the body's metabolic processes:
Water. It would seem to be the simplest product, but it plays an important role not only in accelerating metabolic processes, but also in cleansing the body. Drink at least 1,5 - 2 liters of water a day.
Meat, fish, seafood (protein) - after all, for its digestion, large energy costs are required, the increase of which almost doubles.
Kiwi - 100 g of kiwi contains the daily rate of vitamin C, which speeds up the metabolic processes. But if you have problems with the gastrointestinal tract, be careful with this fruit.
Whole grain products - due to a large amount of fiber accelerate our metabolic processes. Eat cereals, spaghetti made from durum wheat and whole grain bread.
Green tea. The substances contained in green tea, also accelerate our metabolism. Drinking several cups a day will speed up your metabolic processes.
Cinnamon - also speeds up the metabolism. Add it to food as a spice or hot drink.
Ginger - can be used both in pickled and raw. Also ginger is a diuretic. If you steam it with green tea and lemon, and drink several cups of such a drink a day, you can get rid of unwanted edema.
Nuts - one of the sources of vegetable protein, also contain a large amount of beneficial fatty acids. They affect our metabolic processes. But do not forget: nuts - high-calorie product, you need to eat no more than 30-40 g per day.
Chocolate is also referred to as natural stimulants, but here it should be noted that chocolate must be real, black (not dairy bars). The dark chocolate bar contains potassium, copper, magnesium, endorphins and other substances that will make our metabolic processes work at full capacity. But chocolate also should not be carried away. The best option 20-40 g chocolate with a cup of green or black tea.
Spice. Most of the spices available to any housewife in the kitchen can improve our metabolism. These include cinnamon, fragrant herbs, curry, ginger, fennel, hot peppers. Just add them to the dishes! But, if you have problems with the gastrointestinal tract, remember that the spices you need fits very carefully and selectively. Too spicy food is contraindicated in some cases.
Dairy products contain a large amount of calcium, making them one of the most powerful stimulants of the digestive process. According to scientists, the three-time consumption of dairy products per day can speed up our metabolism by 50-70%.
Citrus. Citrus fruits, such as tangerines, lemons, grapefruits and others, are also natural stimulators of metabolism. Their composition contains a large amount of vitamins, fruit acids, trace elements and fiber. These substances not only have a positive effect on the digestive process, but also have a beneficial effect on the work of the entire immune system. And again, people with gastrointestinal problems should be very careful with lemon.
Do not forget to eat at least 4-6 once a day at intervals of 3-4 hours.
Drinking handfuls of pills is not an option. You must understand that we cure one thing and cripple another. Love yourself, let your body become healthy without unpleasant side effects. Proper nutrition is the key to your health. Remember: everything is in your hands!