The article has been automatically translated into English by Google Translate from Russian and has not been edited.

Emergency weight loss: myth or reality?

Alla Tsvetkova

nutritionist

'07.11.2017'

Issues related to emergency weight loss are quite natural, as there are quite a few people who are dissatisfied with their overweight, because it is fashionable to be thin and slim today. At the same time, most want to get rid of a couple of extra kilos instantly. Such voluntarists are not uncommon today, because at every corner a lot of different diets promise us "minus 7 kg for 4 of the day", "3 kg for the day", "getting rid of 15 kg for the month", but nobody wonders if this is possible.

Photo: depositphotos.com

According to the laws of the physiology of the human body, in order for the weight to remain at the same level, it is necessary that the energy received from the food intake be equal to its consumption. For those who want to lose weight, energy consumption must exceed its arrival. But in an effort to quickly say goodbye to unnecessary kilograms, many choose as a diet starvation. With this approach, the human body loses about 200 g of fat per day, because the caloric content of 100 g of fat is equal to 930 kcal, the energy costs of a starving 1860 kcal per day, and the body tries to spend less every day to maintain normal functioning of all organs and systems.

In fact, the desire to lose weight quickly, faster than it is possible - the most common mistake in the process of struggle with excess weight. This option can be considered only when the achievement of the result is timed to an event: New Year, birthday, wedding, and so on. But here one must be extremely cautious: after all, it is extremely dangerous to start a rich feast immediately after a strict diet, the body can simply not withstand such a load.

And yet, we must not close our eyes to the fact that there are many fast diets, for example, the jockey diet, chocolate, English, watermelon, buckwheat, etc. And people lose weight on them. There are a lot of such "emergency" diets. And the weight on them, indeed, is lost at a good rate - up to a kilogram per day. But losing weight doesn't always mean losing fat! Many of these diets have one basis: a small amount of protein food, less fluid.

Due to the protein metabolism is maintained at a normal level, and due to the small amount of food and water intake, there is an active decrease in the mass of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract. So the drop in body weight is mainly due to the loss of water, not fat. This process of water loss can be accelerated with the help of saunas or diuretics. You should not hope after such methods of losing weight that you will be able to stay in the “new” weight for a long time: you will not only return the previous kilos, but also acquire new ones - this is how the body reacts to stress, staying in which it lacked the necessary amount of fats and proteins and carbohydrates.

Drastic weight loss - is a huge stress for the body, which can lead to its depletion. Dysfunction of organs, metabolism, water metabolism can occur. Also, in case of emergency weight loss, a person becomes sluggish, his performance decreases steadily. Hormonal failure caused by a sharp weight loss, will cause problems with the skin, teeth, hair, nails. With weight loss, a person becomes more aggressive, angry, and may not respond adequately to those around him.

Practical recommendations:

In order to get closer to the ideal parameters, do not forget to drink 1.5 - 2 l of water daily and 3 for the day in a row organize your meals as follows:

Day №1

Breakfast: fish - 100 g, vegetables - 150 g,

Intermediate meal: yogurt - 200 ml,

Lunch: soup - 250 g, meat - 50 g,

Intermediate food intake: egg white - 2 pieces, vegetables - 150,

Dinner: soup - 250 g.

Day №2

Breakfast: beef - 100 g, vegetables - 200 g,

Intermediate meal: cottage cheese - 100 g, kefir - 200 ml,

Lunch: seafood - 100 g, salad - 200 g,

Intermediate food intake: yogurt - 200 ml, almond nut - 10 pcs.

Dinner: fish 100 g, vegetable salad - 200 g.

Day №3

Breakfast: soup - 250 g,

Intermediate meal: prunes - 3 pcs, yogurt - 200 ml,

Lunch: seafood - 100 g, vegetables - 200 g,

Intermediate meal: fish - 70-100 g, vegetables - 150 g,

Dinner: Egg white - 2 pieces, vegetables - 200,

If you really want to lose those extra pounds, then don't try to do it quickly. Remember about the "weight rollback": after completing any high-speed diet, the weight not only returns, but also leads to "spare" kilograms. This is due to the fact that the body does not have time to adapt to the new weight. The duration of the adaptation phase directly depends on the dropped kilograms. Approximately, based on 8-10 days of adaptation per 1 kg of lost weight. This is exactly how long it will take for the body to adapt to the new level of metabolic processes, while not giving a rollback in weight.

For example: if you dropped 10 kg - the adaptation period of your body will last from 80 to 100 days, i.e. 2,5 - 3,5 months. On the one hand, it is a long period, but if you look at it from the point of view of the whole life, it is not so much. But on the other hand, you can finally break the circle of constant “want” and “impossible”, dumping and weight gain, etc.

Think about what the consequences may be waiting for you in the future. It is better to lose weight gradually. Keeping weight is hard work, but only in this case you can get freedom from food! Remember that you need to lose weight under the supervision of professionals.

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