Discomfort during menstruation is so common for most of us that it is difficult to notice when something goes wrong. The list of symptoms of critical days is varied, and not all of them are normal. Here are some cases in which you should worry about your health.
1. Large blood clots
If during menstruation you notice small blood clots, you have nothing to worry about - sometimes, especially during intensive bleeding, anticoagulants (substances that prevent the formation of blood clots) in your body do not have time to cope with their work, writes Heroine.ru. However, large blood formations during menstruation can be a sign of a real problem: from uterine fibroids, thyroid diseases to certain types of cancer. They also sometimes become a symptom of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, or the fact that it is difficult for the body to adapt to a new intrauterine device. In any case, you should not panic, but you should contact your gynecologist. Especially if in addition to large blood clots you noticed other changes in your cycle.
2. Intense cramps
The cause of spasmodic abdominal pain during menstruation is most often the contraction of the uterus, which rejects the functional layer of the endometrium. But, if every time you experience such strong convulsions that you cannot function normally and have to regularly miss work or study, check if you have any more serious health problems. Extremely painful menstruation can be a symptom of endometriosis - a disorder in which the mucous membrane of the uterus begins to grow beyond its borders. In addition, the signs of endometriosis include pain during sex and an irregular cycle.
3. Severe back pain
Lower back pain before or during menstruation is another common symptom. He, like other discomfort - cramps in the lower abdomen, nausea, dizziness - is associated with increased production of prostaglandin. It is a biologically active substance that acts on the uterus, causing its reduction. However, as is the case with other symptoms, unbearable pain in the back and pelvic region is not explained only by prostaglandin. Endometriosis or uterine fibroids also leads to such sensations. At the same time, pain can appear not only during menstruation, but also on other days during the month.
4. Very heavy bleeding
According to the Great Medical Encyclopedia, during menstruation, a woman loses on average 50-100 milliliters of blood, although it is more correct to call it menstrual fluid, because in addition to blood, it contains the secretion of the vaginal glands, the secretion of the cervical glands and endometrial tissue. In this case, the individual range lies in the range from 10 to 250 milliliters. A more abundant or scanty discharge may be a symptom of a malfunction of the body. Obviously, most of us don't spend critical days with a measuring cup sandwiched between our thighs, but hygiene products can tell you that something is wrong with the intensity of your discharge. According to the American Center for Disease Control and Prevention, if a woman has to change a pad or tampon more often than 1 time per hour, get up for this at night, or menstruate for more than 7 days in a row, we are talking about abnormal bleeding. It can be caused by various problems: abnormalities in the thyroid gland, pelvic inflammatory disease, a faulty intrauterine device, and others.
5. Spotting before or after menstruation
Most often, rare bleeding between periods of menstruation can cause birth control pills. But they also occur with uterine or cervical polyps (for example, they can cause bleeding after sex) or pregnancy. Contact the doctor to make sure that your health is in order, and may have recommended other drugs and methods of contraception.
On the subject: 12 Ways to Ease 'Critical Days'
6. Pain while going to the toilet
This is a rather rare but serious symptom. If it hurts you to go to the toilet during menstruation, perhaps the reason for this is endometriosis. Sometimes the lining of the uterus grows in the rectum or small intestine. This leads to painful stools, diarrhea, or constipation. This form of endometriosis is easily confused with irritable bowel syndrome. That is why it is so important to talk with your gynecologist and get different opinions.
7. Any changes in your usual symptoms.
The flow of menstruation in each woman is different. All the rules here are very conditional, so your main reason for guarding yourself is a change in the usual symptoms. If earlier the menstruation was short, but now it was long, it was abundant, but now it was scanty, it passed easily, but now it is painful or vice versa: check that everything is all right with you. It can be a completely harmless change due to hormones or age. But it may be a serious health problem.