The article has been automatically translated into English by Google Translate from Russian and has not been edited.

Seven unforgivable mistakes of pill drinkers

'20.04.2021'

Source: health.mail.ru

“It seems that my head doesn’t hurt much, I drink only half of the pill, why should I poison the body?” - a thought that, you see, visited everyone.

Photo: Shutterstock

Meanwhile, a smaller amount of the drug may be harmful, and more - not to work. Mostly people break the dosage for reasons of economy. Some narrow-minded convictions are sometimes simply dangerous (“I will not drink the antibiotic 10 days, a pack of seven is calculated”; “the cough is gone”). So that the words “to apply according to the doctor’s recommendation” were not an empty phrase for you, let’s figure it out in numbers and concepts, writes health.mail.ru.

What are the dosages

No wonder the instructions for many drugs are called sheets: the manufacturer must give the consumer comprehensive information, although it may also be confusing. Single dose - the amount of the drug, which is not recommended to exceed at one time. In this case, the techniques themselves can be several per day.

  • The maximum daily dose - The maximum permissible amount of the drug in 24 hours. It is important to remember that some medicines contain several active substances at once. If you are taking two drugs or more, you need to consider the total value. For example, acetylsalicylic acid is found in cardiovascular drugs and in anti-cold complex. Taking both, make sure that they do not exceed the maximum daily dose in 3 grams.
  • Toxic dose - the amount of substance that causes pathological changes in the body, but fortunately does not bring it to death.
  • Therapeutic dose - the amount of the drug, which gives a therapeutic effect. The dose may be the minimum or maximum. Many medicines, especially those that are taken by courses or constantly, start with a minimum dosage, gradually increasing it.
  • Maintenance dose - the minimum dose of the drug, which with regular use gives a visible effect. After the doctor saw a stable result, he proposes to continue to take a maintenance dose.

What mistakes do you make intentionally?

And now, having a little acquainted with pharmacology, we will try to understand what makes it dangerous not to follow the recommendations of the doctor.

You buy a large dosage for reasons of benefit and take half a pill. “Most often it works, but some drugs cannot be divided,” says pharmacist Yulia Akimova. - This applies to drugs with a wafer that protects the active substance from gastric juice, or, conversely, protects the stomach from the aggressive effects of the component. That is, it is impossible in principle to violate the integrity of the shell. And the sustained release forms - “retard“ - are specially created so that the medicine dissolves gradually, acts for a long time, maintaining a certain concentration in the body.

And, of course, we should not forget that the active substance is not always evenly distributed inside the tablet, therefore the half broken off to the eye is not always such ”.

You are using children's tool in high quantities and rejoice that you should not buy yourself an adult. Harm from this will not be, but the proper effect, too. For example, remedies for a cold for children contain a lower concentration of vasoconstrictor components, so even three or four “puffs” will not bring relief.

You intentionally reduce the dose of the drug, take “through time”, pull up to purchase the next package. For many drugs taken on an ongoing basis, stable therapeutic blood concentrations are extremely important: these are high-pressure drugs, antifungals, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and other hormonal drugs — and so on. Disruption of this balance can lead to resistance in pathological microorganisms, cardiovascular seizures, and even unwanted pregnancy, despite the use of contraceptives.

You change the form of admission drugs - dissolve under the tongue what you need to swallow. And vice versa. The drugs are absorbed from the mucous membranes faster and more fully. If you dissolve a “pressure” pill in your mouth, which you usually drink at breakfast, the dose of the obtained active substance may be higher, and the effect will be faster. After all, the drug did not pass through the acidic environment of the stomach and was not processed by the liver. Conversely, if you drink what the doctor prescribed sublingually, that is, “under the tongue”, you will not receive the required amount.

You reduce the dose for some reasons, do not give the medicine to expand its therapeutic effect, do not see the result and tell the doctor that the treatment does not help. There are drugs that act as the dose is injected. For example, some antidepressants. In small quantities, they cope with some symptoms, and in higher quantities - with others. Do I need to be reminded that only the doctor takes the decision on the dosage?

What mistakes do you make because of confusion

It is not always a violation of the regimen of medication - the result of your irresponsibility or intent. Sometimes you can just get confused in numbers. For example, when it comes to liquid forms - syrups, suspensions and so on. Indeed, in the annotation, doses are almost always indicated in grams, and measuring caps and spoons from the package have divisions in milliliters. And drinking a milliliter does not mean that you took a gram of the active substance. Measures of volume and weight can not be confused. How to be?

Look at the packaging. Usually a correspondence is written on it - for example, 1 ml of solution = 2,5 mg of active ingredient. This means that by drinking a teaspoon, that is, 5 ml, you will get 2,5 × 5 = 12,5 mg of substance.

Another confusing situation may arise from misinterpretation of the assignment. If the doctor wrote the number in a fraction - 1 \ 2, 1 \ 4. - he meant part of the pill - half or a quarter. And if something is indicated, separated by a comma, 1,5 is not one and a half tablets, but the dosage of the substance to be taken (for example, 1,5 mg for the night - one tablet).

The material is published for informational purposes only, does not constitute medical advice and does not replace medical advice. ForumDaily Woman is not responsible for any diagnosis made by the reader based on the site's materials, as well as for the consequences of self-medication, and may not share the point of view of the author or expert.

Follow success stories, tips, and more by subscribing to Woman.ForumDaily on Facebook, and don't miss the main thing in our mailing list