The article has been automatically translated into English by Google Translate from Russian and has not been edited.

Five typical 'our' diseases that foreign doctors do not suspect

'15.04.2021'

A source: health.mail.ru

A list of diagnoses that foreign doctors are not aware of, but are actively making in Russia.

Photo: Shutterstock

The main thing in the treatment of the disease is to find its cause, to make the correct diagnosis. In Russia and some other countries of the former Soviet Union, the list of diagnoses is wider than, for example, in Europe or the USA, writes health.mail.ru.

Having seen some of the notes on the cards of Russian patients, European doctors would at least be very surprised: for example, in ICD-10 there is no mention of such diseases as vegetative-vascular dystonia or uterine tone. Here is a short list of diagnoses that people like to make with us and who are not suspected of abroad.

Vegetative-vascular dystonia

One of the most common imaginary diseases. Its name means "violation of the tone of the nervous system and blood vessels." It can manifest itself in different ways: pain in the head or stomach, weakness, fatigue, arrhythmia, pressure surges, shortness of breath, dizziness, and much more. Often, such a diagnosis appears in adolescent medical records. It can be read as "nothing is clear, maybe it will pass by itself, or maybe not." But with such a diagnosis in this formulation, you or your child will not be released (you need to treat something and somehow arrange it), therefore they write "VVD".

If the symptoms that are attributed to vegetative-vascular dystonia do not interfere much with life, it is usually enough to simply reduce the level of stress, take more walks and eat properly so that the body rests.

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If they interfere, it is worth going through a comprehensive examination taking into account these symptoms. Arrhythmias are “attributed” to a cardiologist, headaches to a neurologist, stomach pains to a gastroenterologist. It is also useful to visit an endocrinologist, especially adolescents, in whom "vegetative-vascular dystonia" may be a manifestation of the effects of a hormonal storm during puberty.

Uterine tone

The tone is translated from Greek as “tension”. Actually, it is this tension that some doctors still call the disease for some reason. The uterus is a muscular organ, and the muscles tend to contract and relax, so it is logical that the uterus muscles contract periodically.

If this happens only from time to time and does not cause serious discomfort, you should not worry: moreover, it is even useful. Such contractions are called Braxton-Hicks contractions, and it is believed that thanks to them the muscles do not weaken with time, and the placenta receives additional blood. If the muscles of the uterus are constantly and strongly tense, it is worth telling the doctor about this and looking for the cause with it. But in this case, the “tone" is not a diagnosis, but a symptom. He only indicates possible violations, but he himself is not.

Dysbacteriosis

This is a change in the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract, an imbalance in the concentration of beneficial and harmful microorganisms. Usually such a violation is a consequence of some other violation or its correction. For example, dysbiosis can occur after taking antibiotics or some other drugs, with bowel diseases, it can even be a reaction to stress.

Diarrhea or constipation, abdominal pain, problems with appetite - all this will go away when the microflora is restored, and in many cases it is quite capable of doing it on its own, if you eat right.

Imaginary Immunodeficiency

There are quite real immunodeficiencies: for example, AIDS, caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or congenital, in which a person lacks some antibodies or they have defects. And there are immunodeficiencies that do not exist - mothers often encounter them, first sending their children to kindergarten.

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The immunity of a child is exposed to many new bacteria and viruses. The kid begins to hurt, and at some point the doctor suggests the exhausted mother to give the child immunomodulators. Sooner or later, the symptoms, say SARS, come to naught, but this would have happened without drugs.

In Europe and the USA, immunomodulators are not used for respiratory diseases - at least, without special indications for this. If a child or an adult initially had everything in order with immunity, then his body is quite capable of coping with the disease on its own.

osteochondrosis

There is a slightly different situation with this condition: it exists officially and is in the ICD-10, but far from always the diagnosis of osteochondrosis is made correctly. They often explain back pain, but in fact they are most often not even associated with osteochondrosis. What is osteochondrosis? They call them degenerative changes in the cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral discs. With age, these changes occur in everyone, but not everyone has a backache.

Osteochondrosis cannot be called a disease, we do not call old age a disease. In fact, the so-called osteochondrosis can be sciatica, lumbago, fibromyalgia or something else. Such diagnoses should be clarified. If you have it, try to ask for a second opinion.

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